Toyrolla's Used Car Parts - Alternators
Toyrolla Spares has a wide selection of new and used Alternators. Toyrolla Spares is Australia's number 1 distributor of new and used Alternators and all Toyota's car parts. Ranging from used engines, carburettors, control arms, drive shafts, gearboxes, shock absorbers, starter motors, headlights, tail lights, doors and panels.
At Toyrolla Spares we are No.1 in quality recycled Toyota parts. Toyrolla Spares offers delivery of all our Alternators to the Melbourne Metro area. Alternators can also be delivered Australian wide by arrangement, depending on location. Delivery of Alternators does incur a small fee.
For further information about our Alternators and other car parts, contact one of our friendly staff on (03) 9401 4366.
Alternators are used in cars to charge the battery and to power a car's electric system when its engine is running. Toyrolla has a range of Alternators for your car/vehicle for repair purposes.
Alternators have the great advantage over direct-current generators of not using a commutator, which makes them simpler, lighter, less costly, and more rugged than a DC generator. The stronger construction of automotive alternators allows them to use a smaller pulley so as to turn twice as fast as the engine, improving output when the engine is idling. The availability of low-cost solid-state diodes from about 1960 allowed car manufacturers to substitute alternators for DC generators. Automotive alternators use a set of rectifiers (diode bridge) to convert AC to DC. To provide direct current with low ripple, automotive alternators have a three-phase winding.
Typical passenger car and light truck alternators use Lundell or claw-pole field construction, where the field north and south poles are all energized by a single winding, with the poles looking rather like fingers of two hands interlocked with each other. Larger vehicles may have salient-pole alternators similar to larger machines. The automotive alternator is usually belt driven at 2-3 times the engine crankshaft speed. Modern car alternators have a voltage regulator built into them. The voltage regulator operates by modulating the small field current in order to produce a constant voltage at the stator output.
Efficiency of a car's alternator is limited by fan cooling loss, bearing loss, iron loss, copper loss, and the voltage drop in the diode bridges; at part load, efficiency is between 50-62% depending on the size of alternator, and varies with alternator speed.
In comparison, very small high-performance permanent magnet alternators, such as those used for bicycle lighting systems, achieve an efficiency of around only 60%. Larger permanent magnet alternators can achieve much higher efficiency. The field windings are initially supplied via the ignition switch and charge warning light, which is why the light glows when the ignition is on but the engine is not running.
Once the engine is running and the alternator is generating, a diode feeds the field current from the alternator main output, thus equalizing the voltage across the warning light which goes out. The wire supplying the field current is often referred to as the "exciter" wire. The drawback of this arrangement is that if the warning light fails or the "exciter" wire is disconnected, no priming current reaches the alternator field windings and so the alternator will not generate any power. However, some alternators will self-excite when the engine is revved to a certain speed. The driver may check for a faulty exciter-circuit by ensuring that the warning light is glowing with the engine stopped. Very large automotive alternators used on buses, heavy equipments or emergency vehicles may produce 300 amperes.
Very old cars with minimal lighting and electronic devices may have only a 30 ampere alternator. Typical passenger car and light truck alternators are rated around 70 amperes, though higher ratings are becoming more common. Very large automotive alternators may be water-cooled or oil-cooled. Many alternator voltage regulators are today linked to the vehicle's on board computer system, and in recent years other factors including air temperature (gained from the mass air flow sensor in many cases) and engine load are considered in adjusting the battery charging voltage supplied by the alternator.
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